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Understanding Campus Obligations for Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment: Guidance for Student Affairs Professionals*

The inaugural issue of Legal Links addresses OCR enforcement standards for campus compliance of Title IX sexual harassment, examining the legal dimensions of sexual misconduct arising from student interactions.

Sun, J. C., Scott, L. R., Sponsler, B., & Hutchens, N. H. (2014). Understanding campus obligations for student-to-student sexual harassment: Guidance for student affairs professionals. Cleveland, OH: Education Law Association.

* This issue and all issues of Legal Links are free for Education Law Association members and NASPA members. 

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LITERATURE RESOURCES

American College Health Association (2008). Shifting the paradigm: Primary prevention of sexual violence. Linthicum, MD: Author.

AAUP (2012). Campus sexual assault: Suggested policies and procedures. Washington, D.C.: Author.

Association of Governing Boards (2013). AGB advisory statement on sexual misconduct. Washington, D.C.: Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges.

Campus Sex Crimes Forum (2012). Promoting effective criminal investigations of campus sex crimes (NCJ 240177). Washington, D.C.: Office for Victims of Crime.

Daniel, P. T. K., Gee, E. G., Sun, J. C., & Pauken, P. D. (2012). Law, policy, and higher education: Cases and materials. New Providence, NJ: LexisNexis.

Major Cities Chiefs Police Association (2009). Campus security guidelines: Recommended operational policies for local and campus law enforcement agencies. Los Angeles, CA: Major Cities Chiefs Police Association and Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice.

Sokolow, B. A., Lewis, W. S., & Schuster, S. K. (2011). ATIXA gender-based and sexual misconduct model policy. Malvern, PA: ATIXA.

Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2006, January). Extent, nature, and consequences of rape victimization: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey (NCJ 210346). Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice: Washington, D.C.

U.S. Department of Justice (2013) A national protocol for sexual assault medical forensic examinations: Adults/adolescents (2nd ed.). Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice: Washington, D.C.

White House Council on Women and Girls (2014). Rape and sexual assault: A renewed call to action. Washington, DC: The White House.

 

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OCR/DOJ DOCUMENTS

2014

OCR Document

Office of Civil Rights (2014). Questions and answers on Title IX and sexual violence. Office of Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved at http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/qa-201404-title-ix.pdf

 White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault

White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault (2014). Not alone: The first report of the White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault. Washington, DC: White House. Retrieved at

2013

OCR Resolutions

State University of New York Voluntary Resolution Agreement (OCR Docket No. 02-11-6001): www2.ed.gov/documents/press-releases/suny-new-york-agreement.doc  

University of Montana Resolution Letter (OCR Case No. 10126001; DOJ DJ Number 169-44-9): http://www.justice.gov/opa/documents/um-ltr-findings.pdf

University of Montana Resolution Agreement (OCR Case No. 10126001; DOJ DJ Number 169-44-9): http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/edu/documents/montanaagree.pdf

Arcadia Unified School District Resolution Agreement (OCR Docket No. 09-12-1020, DOJ Case Number 169-12C-70) [transgender student]: http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/edu/documents/arcadiaagree.pdf  

Dear Colleague Letter: Retaliation

Galanter, S. M. (2013, Apr. 24). Dear Colleague Letter: Retaliation. Retrieved at http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague-201304.pdf

2012

OCR Resolutions

Yale University Voluntary Resolution Letter (OCR Complaint No. 01-11-2027): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/01112027-a.pdf

Yale University Voluntary Resolution Agreement (OCR Complaint No. 01-11-2027): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/01112027-b.pdf

University of Notre Dame Resolution Letter (OCR Docket No. 05-11-6901): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/05072011-a.pdf

University of Notre Dame Resolution Agreement (OCR Docket No. 05-11-6901): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/05072011-b.pdf

Dear Colleague Letter: Sexual Violence

Ali, R. (2011, Apr. 4). Dear Colleague Letter: Sexual violence. Retrieved at http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague-201104.pdf  

2010

OCR Resolutions

Eastern Michigan University Resolution Letter (OCR Docket Number 15-09-6002): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/15096002-a.pdf

Eastern Michigan University Resolution Agreement (OCR Docket Number 15-09-6002): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/15096002-b.pdf

Notre Dame College Resolution Letter (OCR Docket No. 15-09-6001): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/15096001-a.pdf

Notre Dame College Voluntary Resolution Agreement (OCR Docket No. 15-09-6001): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/investigations/15096001-b.pdf

OCR Case Processing Manual

OCR Case Processing Manual (CPM): http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/ocrcpm.html    

2006

Dear Colleague Letter: Sexual Harassment Revisited 

Monroe, S. (2006, Jan. 25). Dear Colleague Letter: Sexual harassment revisited. Retrieved at http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/sexhar-2006.html  

2001

Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance

OCR (2001). Revised sexual harassment guidance: Harassment of students by school employees, other students, or third parties. Washington D.C.: Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education.

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Organizational Web Sources

Clery Center for Security on Campus, http://clerycenter.org/

National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence, http://www.ncdsv.org/

National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), http://www.nsvrc.org/

Not Alone, https://www.notalone.gov/ 

Rape, Abuse, & Incest National Network (RAINN), http://www.rainn.org/

Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice, http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/

Office of Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, http://www.womenshealth.gov/violence-against-women/index.html